Другие виды борьбы
Grappling is a style of Wrestling that combine technique originated in different sports such as Freestyle Wrestling, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Luta Livre Brasileira, Catch Wrestling, Judo, Sambo, and the aim of the sport consist in taking down and control the opponent on the ground and submit him using chokes and locks.
Grappling, allowing technique and holds from all the wrestling sports, has the most permissive rules set amongs them. Being most of the fight spent on the ground, Grappling can be considered as one of the safest wrestling sport to practice.
Grappling, of all the modern wrestling styles, is the closest to Ancient Greek wrestling or Pále (πάλη), that was practiced in the old Olympic Games. Grappling is divided in 2 styles: Grappling No-Gi, where athletes wear shorts and a compression shirt called rashguard , and Grappling Gi, where athletes wear a kimono. For its peculiarity of teaching to neutralize an opponent without hurting him, it is now used in many countries for self defense training military and police force .
Pankration, from the Greek words “Pan” and “Kratos” meaning “the one who controls everything”, is a world heritage martial art with the unique distinction of being the only martial sport in existence that can legitimately trace its roots to the ancient Olympic Games from 648 BC to 393 AD. Today, pankration is developed by FILA as a mild form of Mixed Martial Arts (MMA), which forbids striking to the head. Pankration is practised both by men and women, according to the same rules.
In addition to individual competition, pankration includes two forms of choreographic team events that can be showcased with or without weapons. “Palaismata” takes place between two athletes and aims at assessing their level of knowledge while “Polydamas” takes place between 1 defendant and 3 attackers to simulate a dangerous situation to be overcome by the athlete. Pankration is an efficient form of self-defence that can be used for police and security training.
Pankration was introduced to the programme of the SportAccord World Combat Games in 2010 with 3 male categories.
Belt Wrestling Alysh
The word “Alysh” meaning “fighting to determine the strongest” finds its roots in ancient Turkish and was chosen by the International Federation of Wrestling on Belts to embody the bringing together of all belt wrestling styles practised throughout the world.
The belt wrestling matches take place over a period of 5 minutes for men and 4 minutes for women. The competitors wear white trousers and either a blue or a green jacket held tight by a flexible red belt. While holding each other’s belt, they try to throw their opponent to the mat. The technical points are awarded according to the amplitude of the throws: 1 point if the opponent lands on a knee or buttocks, 2 points if the opponent lends sideways or on a hip, and 6 points if the opponent lends on the back. The first competitor who scores 6 points wins the match. The rules adopted are purposely simple so that all national belt wrestling styles can express themselves within a generic form of the discipline.
Belt wrestling was introduced to the programme of the SportAccord World Combat Games in 2010 with 1 male category.
The origin of “ Pahlavani wrestling “ goes back to ancient Persia and was said to have been practiced by mythological Iranian heroes in battles .in fact the Pahlavani wrestling originally used to train warriors. It combines martial arts and wrestling technics , calisthenics, strength training and epic music. It recognized by UNESCO as among the world’s longest-running forms of sport.
The person who ever was well trained and defeat others would called Pahlavan or hero. The Pahlvani heros are popular among people .
This style of wrestling confront two competitors who try to take control over each other by throwing him back on his shoulder.
In Pahlavani wrestling, wrestlers wear a pants which extends from waist to below of his knees that contains a belt to hold the pants.
In this style wrestler is allowed to use or grab pants or belt as a grip. Also the wrestler can use legs, waist, clinch, leg trips and more likely lift and throw.
Beach Wrestling was codified by the international federation for wrestling during the 2004 Congress in Athens in order to bring together all the different traditional wrestling styles practiced on sand and to make them more popular worldwide. It also aims at promoting the values of a fun, secure, accessible, and eco-friendly sport. Beach Wrestling is practised in swimming suit within a sand circle of 7m and consists of very simple rules: to win the match, the wrestler needs to score three points by using these following actions: bring his opponent to the ground (1 point), push him out of the circle (1 point) or expose his opponent’s shoulders on the ground during a takedown (2 points).
Beach Wrestling was introduced to the programme of the first Youth Olympic Games that took place in Singapre in 2010 and Beach Wrestling will be part of the schedule during the next World Beach Games organised by SportAccord.
“Kazakh kuresh” was the most popular fighting among people. The variety of this game has other nationalities of Central Asia. Originally, all kinds of fighting were generated by the necessity of hand-to-hand fighting.
“Kazakh kuresh” was carried out during all holidays between well-known strong men. The fighters knew various fighting technique, including back heels and undercuts, throws with falling, turnings with spurt.
Distinguishing feature of “Kazakh kuresh” is lack of fighting in parterre. The fighting is carried out only uprightly.
Earlier There were not weight restrictions in the Kazakh kuresh there were. Currently, in this sport there are certain rules regarding the uniform form and technique of fighting. The form of the wrestlers of the Kazakh wrestlingis somewhat similar to the form of the sambo wrestler. Unlike sambo, in kazakh wrestling jacket (the official cap) has short sleeves, small stripes on the shoulders (for grasping).
Belts and above the belt allow any grips. The goal of the fight is to throw the opponent on the back.
Wrestling "Tatar Koresh" was recognized as a sport and is included in the third section of the All-Russian roster sports as a national sport), has its long history and is very popular among the peoples of the Volga region, the Urals, Siberia and other regions of Russia and abroad.
This kind of sport in recent years has received a great development, technology and tactics have been increased. The main goal of the rules is to maximum promote wrestling, introduce an active, lively and entertaining bout, achieve a common interpretation of the wrestling, the detailed accounting and accurate assessment of each technical action of wrestler.
The first official wrestling "Tatar Koresh" is the Olympics of autonomous republics and regions, which took place in July 1928 in Kazan.